Cotton: From Field to Fabric( Chapter 3)
From the field, seed cotton moves to nearby gins for separation of
lint and seed. The cotton first goes through
dryers to reduce moisture content and then through cleaning
equipment to remove foreign matter. These
operations facilitate processing and improve fiber quality. The
cotton is then air conveyed to gin stands where
revolving circular saws pull the lint through closely spaced ribs
that prevent the seed from passing through.
The lint is removed from the saw teeth by air blasts or rotating
brushes, and then compressed into bales
weighing approximately 500 pounds. Cotton is then moved to a
warehouse for storage until it is shipped to a
textile mill for use. A typical gin will process about 12 bales per
hour, while some of today’s more modern gins
may process as many as 60 bales an hour.
Cotton diseases have been contained largely through the use of
resistant cotton varieties. Rotation to nonhost
crops such as grain or corn also breaks the disease cycle.
Nematodes, while not truly a disease, cause the
plant to exhibit disease-like symptoms. Nematodes are microscopic
worm-like organisms that attack cotton’s
roots causing the plant to stop growing, and as a result, causes
reduced yield. Crop rotation is the primary
method of managing for nematodes.
Cotton producers expend extra efforts to minimize soil erosion.
Cotton is sensitive to wind-blown soil because
the plant’s growing point is perched on a delicate stem, both of
which are easily damaged by abrasion from
wind-blown soil. For that reason, many farmers use minimum tillage
practices which leave plant residue on the
soil surface thereby preventing wind and water erosion.
Conservation tillage, the practice of covering the soil
in crop residue year ‘round, is common in windy areas. A growing
number of producers also are moving to
minimum tillage, or a no-till system, to reduce soil movement. In
the rain belt, land terracing and contour tillage
are standard practices on sloping land to prevent the washing away
of valuable topsoil.
The cotton plant’s root system is very efficient at seeking
moisture and nutrients from the soil. From an
economic standpoint, cotton’s water use efficiency allows cotton to
generate more revenue per gallon of water
than any other major field crop. Most of the U.S. cotton acreage is
grown only on rain moisture. A trend
toward supplemental irrigation to carry a field through drought has
increased in acreage and helped stabilize
yields. Cotton’s peak need for water occurs during July, when it is
most vulnerable to water stress. A limited
supply of irrigation water is being stretched over many acres via
the use of highly efficient irrigation methods
such as low energy precision applications, sprinklers, surge and
drip irrigation. Not only has irrigation stabilized
yields for many growers, it also has allowed production in the
desert states of California, Arizona and New
Will be continued in the next chapter.
1. I wonder if you can accept small orders?
Yes,we can accept small orders if we have the products in
stock.Please feel free to contact us for more details.
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We accept all OEM orders,please contact us and give me your
designs.We will offer you a reasonable price and make samples for
3. Can you do designs for me?
Yes,dear,we have experienced designers.According to your
requirements,we can add your company logo, website, phone number or
your ideas...on product.Just give me your ideas,let us do it for
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design of the packages.
5. What is your sample policy?
For existing item, we can offer one piece each item free of charge
but the shipping cost are for your account. If you need to open a
new mould,please send me your designs to us.
1, How long will it take to make the samples?
We usually take about 3-5 days to make the samples.
2, How long is the delievery time?
The time of delievery is about 7-15 days.
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4, What is your payment terms? (Total amount > USD$10,000)
We accept 30% T/T in advance,70% in the period of shipment.
5, Where is your company?
Our company is located in one of the most developed city of
6, How about the samples?
We could send you the samples but the samples are charged. After
the order is
confirmed, we would pay back the sample fee.
Screen Print-gradual change water ink print.
Bottom hem-self fold with 1/4" DN coverstitch, 3/4" hem height.