1. What is IPL?
Intense Pulsed Light is a technology where light is converted into
Treatments are like a very powerful camera flash lamp being held
against your skin.
The selected light waves target chromophores (colour pigments) such
as melanin in brown spots and freckles; and such as haemoglobin in
broken or diffused blood vessels. The light waves can also
target specific protein molecules in acne bacteria and in collagen.
IPL treats all conditions without disruption to the skin’s
2. What is the difference between IPL and Laser?
Lasers have been used in surgery for years. The IPL is an
adaptation of the laser, more suited to the beauty industry.
The biggest difference between laser and IPL, as far as
treatment is concerned, is the coverage. The laser beam is
very narrow, only covering a small spot at a time, while IPL
coverage is several times the area, and therefore treatments are
much quicker. The surface area of the nubway IPL applicator
head is 8 square cm – one of the largest on the market.
Lasers produce light from one specific wavelength, or colour, for a
very specific target. The light emitted from the IPL is
composed of a spectrum of colours from different wavelengths,
enabling selective photo-absorption (light absorption) to different
targets. In other words, using the IPL is like using a group
of lasers in a single treatment.
3. Permanent Hair Reduction: How does it work?
Intense Pulsed Light targets the colour pigment (melanin) in the
hairs. Therefore white hairs can not be treated. Dark hairs on fair
skin have the best and quickest results. Fair hairs will require
extra treatments with lesser results. Caution is required when
treating hairs on darker skins; this is explained below and would
be discussed more fully during your consultation.
The hair growth cycle:
Hairs grow in constant cycles: Firstly hairs are actively
growing, then they become dormant (resting), and finally they
loosen and shed, only to be replaced by more new, actively growing
Only hair follicles in the active growth stage are disabled by IPL
Hairs in the dormant stage of the growth cycle normally remain
anchored in the follicles for weeks or months, depending on their
location, but their follicles and associated hair germination cells
are not disabled by IPL treatments. These follicles will be
treated in subsequent sessions. This is why you need
repeated sessions. Hair growth becomes sparser with each
session. All treated hairs should shed within about two
4. Skin Rejuvenation: How does it work?
– Skin Tone and Re-texture
– Vascular Lesions
– Acne & Rosacea
Skin Rejuvenation is also known as photo-rejuvenation – the
non-invasive, non surgical face lift.
The Intense Pulsed Light is absorbed by colour particles which are
present in blood and in melanin.
The IPL also treats the propioni-bacterium in acne and protein
present in cells which produce collagen.
Pigmentation marks slowly come to the skin’s surface and are shed
Vascular lesions dissipate into the lymphatic system for excretion,
just as bruises do.
Enlarged pores, minor pitting and scarring diminish and fade.
Fine lines and wrinkles are softened and may virtually disappear.
Collagen & elastin production increases.
5. How often will customer need treatments?
a. PERMANENT HAIR REDUCTION
A course of 5 to 10 treatments is usually required to treat hairs
at all stages of the hair growth cycle, at 3 to 6 week intervals;
which varies depending on hair type and colour, and the location
being treated. Fair hairs will require extra treatments. White
hairs can not be treated.
A maintenance session may be necessary from time to time, due to
the development of new hair growth appearing, as our hormonal
balance continues to change with age, or due to the influence of
stress, illness, disease and drugs i.e; steroids or
b. SKIN REJUVENATION:
It is difficult to predict the number of sessions required, as it
depends on the nature of the lesions to be treated and their size,
plus the client’s skin type, condition and colour. Some
conditions may require maintenance treatments from time to time.
This will be discussed during your consultation.
Different types of skin rejuvenation require different
numbers of treatments.
The following is a guide only:
SKIN TONE & RE-TEXTURE:
Fine lines & wrinkles, enlarged pores, minor pitting &
2 to 4 treatments usually recommended, at 4 to 6 week intervals.
Facial redness, broken capillaries, spider veins, etc
2 to 6 treatments usually recommended, at 2 to 6 week intervals.
Freckles, sun spots, flat birthmarks, etc,
2 to 8 treatments usually recommended, at 4 to 6 week intervals.
ROSACEA AND ACNE:
Results are profound, but these hormonal conditions may return.
2 to 6 treatments usually recommended, at 1 to 3 week intervals.
6. Is it painful?
Some treatments have little or no sensation at all, but for other
treatments, clients may feel a slight sting, similar to the flick
of a rubber band against your skin. It is certainly not
unbearable, and we can always reduce the intensity if you feel the
need. Immediately after some treatments you may feel a mild
heat for a few minutes, or a couple of hours, but after most
treatments you will feel next to nothing at all.
7. How will I look after the treatment?
In most cases there is no visible reaction and you would be
expected to be able to return to work and resume your normal
activities immediately after your appointment.
However, IPL causes heat in the target tissues;
therefore it is quite acceptable for the area to be slightly
reddened immediately after treatment, but this would normally
dissipate within half an hour. It is possible for the skin to
appear slightly red for a couple of hours and up to 24 hours.
If a reaction is visible after 48 hours it is imperative to
contact your IPL operator for further advice.
8. Can Dark Skins Be Treated?
Light produced by laser and by IPL is absorbed by the colour
pigment, melanin, which is present in our hair and skin.
Caution is required when treating people with dark skins,
Asian skins and some other skins which tan very easily.
Hyper-pigmentation or blanching of the skin is likely to
occur if there is too much melanin present in the skin. It is
possible to treat medium to medium/dark skins on a low intensity.
The consultation process and a test patch, will determine
whether each individual can be treated. Strict guidelines
must be adhered to, when treating darker skinned people, using only
low levels of intensity at each session, and therefore more
treatments will be needed to achieve a result. Skins such as
Negroid, Melanesian and some darker Indian skins are not treatable
– for both skin rejuvenation and for hair removal.
Electrolysis is an option for these people, but it too, must
be administered with caution, on a low intensity, due to the
possiblility of hyperpigmentation or blanching.
9. Important After Care:
For 24 hours after each IPL treatment:
- No sun exposure or UV exposure of sun beds
- Wear sun block with both UVA and UVB protection
- No depilatory, AHA, glycolic or salicylic creams
- No very hot baths or showers – tepid water only
- No heat treatments e.g. sauna
- No swimming in chlorinated pools or spa baths
- No deodorant – if underarms treated
- No perfumes, highly perfumed soaps or lotions, etc.
Long term After Care:
- Always wear a good sun block with both UVA and UVB protection
- Avoid excessive sun or UV exposure. Cover up and be sun-safe